People with high IQ scores aren’t just more intelligent – they also process sensory information differently, according to new study.
Scientists discovered that the brains of people with high IQ are automatically more selective when it comes to perceiving moving objects, meaning that they are more likely to suppress larger and less relevant background motion.
‘It is not that people with high IQ are simply better at visual perception,’ said Duje Tadin of the University of Rochester. ‘Instead, their visual perception is more discriminating.’
Scientists discovered that the brains of people with high IQ are more selective when perceiving objects in motion, meaning that they are more likely to ignore larger and less relevant background motion
‘They excel at seeing small, moving objects but struggle in perceiving large, background-like motions.’
The discovery was made by asking people to watch videos showing moving bars on a computer screen.
Their task was to state whether the bars were moving to the left or to the right.
The researchers measured how long the video had to run before the individual could correctly perceive the motion.
The results show that individuals with high IQ can pick up on the movement of small objects faster than low-IQ individuals can.
‘That wasn’t unexpected, Tadin says.
The surprise came when tests with larger objects showed just the opposite: individuals with high IQ were slower to see what was right there in front of them.
‘There is something about the brains of high-IQ individuals that prevents them from quickly seeing large, background-like motions,’ Tadin added.
In other words, it isn’t a conscious strategy but rather something automatic and fundamentally different about the way these people’s brains work.
The ability to block out distraction is very useful in a world filled with more information than we can possibly take in.
It helps to explain what makes some brains more efficient than others. An efficient brain ‘has to be picky’ Tadin said.
The findings were reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology.
WHAT IS AN IQ AND WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
An intelligence quotient or IQ is a score derived from a set of standardised tests developed to measure a person’s cognitive abilities or ‘intelligence’ in relation to their age group.
IQ tests do not measure intelligence the way a ruler measures height , but rather the way a race measures speed.
Modern IQ tests produce scores for different areas – such as language fluency and three-dimensional thinking – with the overall score calculated from subtest scores.
The average score, according to the bell curve, is 100.
Studies have linked IQ scores to morbidity and mortality and even social status.
The average IQ scores for many populations have been rising at an average rate of three points per decade since the early 20th century, a phenomenon called the Flynn effect.
It is disputed whether these changes in scores reflect real changes in intellectual abilities.
Source: Daily Mail